The expected results in the project are:
- To investigate if and to what extent ecosystem services are generated by the establishment of constructed bufferzones in addition to their ability to mitigate effects of climate change by delaying discharge through drainage pipes and direct runoff from adjacent fields.
- To investigate if and to what extent ecosystem services will be generated by constructed bufferzones in relation to their ability to convert and retain nutrients.
- To investigate if and to what extent ecosystem services will be generated by bufferzones by the uptake of nutrients in biomass for use in feed, biogas production and green manure or recycling of phosphorous after enzymatic extraction and condensation.
- To investigate if and to what extent ecosystem services will be generated by the establishment of bufferzones for the benefit of biodiversity when conservation and the time evolution are included.
- Development of a model that locally within each field is able to calculate the erosion of the field and the deposition of the lower field and in the bufferzone, in order to optimise the ability of the bufferzone to retain soil and phosphorus from erosion and surface runoff from adjacent fields.
- Development and testing of methods for recycling of Water Treatment Residuals (WTR) from waterworks or ocher plants in buffer zones to reduce phosphorous loads to the water environment and to clarify the possible effects on vegetation.
- To clarify the importance of tree planting in bufferzones to adapt to climate change as it lowers water temperature and improves the ecology in the stream.
- A cost-benefit analysis of optimum locations and conservation methods for bufferzones.
- Development of a decision support tool for the use of constructing and planning multifunctional bufferzones in different landscapes.
- Publication in national and international media as well as organisation of a PhD course and an international conference.